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Jerome Robbins

Director, Producer, Performer, Choreographer, Conception, Writer, Source Material, Other
( b. Oct 11, 1918 New York, New York, USA - d. Jul 29, 1998 New York, New York, USA ) Male
Also known as: Jerome Rabinowitz [Birthname]
Relations: Cousin of Jean Handy
Engaged to Nora Kaye (a wedding date of April 16, 1951 was announced, however the engagement was broken off)
Partner of Buzz Miller (broken off during "Bells Are Ringing")
Partner of Tommy Abbott (? - ?)
Jerome Robbins simultaneously became one of 20th-century ballet's greatest choreographers and a towering innovator in Broadway musicals. Mr. Robbins helped to shape the City Ballet's creative profile with daring and brio for half a century through his often startling, always experimental choreography in ballet's classical idiom. At the same time, he enjoyed phenomenal success on Broadway. From 1944 to 1964, Mr. Robbins's golden touch was evident in musicals as disparate as On the Town, The King and I, Gypsy, West Side Story and Fiddler on the Roof.

For all his acclaim on Broadway, Mr. Robbins made it clear that his first love was dance, and ballet in particular. He returned to the commercial theater briefly in 1989 with Jerome Robbins's Broadway, but even this hit was an anthology of dance sequences from past shows. "Dance is about relationships," Mr. Robbins said. Attached to this credo, he imbued his ballets, no matter how plotless, with human insights and emotions that had a universal resonance. Above all, he was a very American choreographer who knew how to distill the spirit of his time.

This genius for capturing the essence of an age was the Robbins signature. It could be sensationally overt in a landmark Robbins musical like West Side Story, with its indelible images of 1950's gang rumbles. But the same gift was even more vividly expressed in any Robbins ballet, beginning with "Fancy Free," an evergreen masterpiece about three sailors on the town during World War II. Starting out in Ballet Theater, Mr. Robbins created "Fancy Free" in 1944 as his first ballet. The score was by a fellow unknown, Leonard Bernstein.

The success of "Fancy Free" catapulted Mr. Robbins into a second, parallel, career on Broadway. Oliver Smith, the ballet's designer, urged Mr. Robbins and Leonard Bernstein to expand the sailors-on-leave theme into a musical comedy. The musical, called On the Town, opened and struck a responsive chord in a war-weary audience that identified with its urban comedy.

Dance became a major component of any Robbins musical. In 1945, he choreographed Billion Dollar Baby, also directed by Abbott, while High Button Shoes (1947) confirmed his ingenuity for period stylization. Look Ma -- I'm Dancing (1948), with a book by Mr. Robbins and directed by him and Abbott, was a takeoff on a touring ballet company. Mr. Robbins choreographed Miss Liberty (1949), Call Me Madam (1950), The King and I (1951) and Two's Company (1952).

Mr. Robbins's integrated vision of musicals became more pronounced in shows when he took over the role of director as well as choreographer. He was co-director of The Pajama Game (1954) with Abbott; he adapted, directed and choreographed Peter Pan, starring Mary Martin (1954), and he directed Bells Are Ringing (1956).

In 1959, he directed and choreographed Gypsy, and in 1964, he served as production supervisor of Funny Girl. But the two most successful musicals of his career were those he conceived, directed and choreographed: West Side Story, an updated version of Romeo and Juliet, in 1957, and Fiddler on the Roof, inspired by Sholom Aleichem's stories.

Yet for all his acclaim in show business (which included five Donaldson Awards, four Tonys, two Oscars for the 1961 film version of "West Side Story" and an Emmy for a televised version of "Peter Pan"), Mr. Robbins remained primarily devoted to ballet. After 1964, show business ceased to interest him as a serious endeavor. Rightly, he sensed that whatever his success on Broadway, his eventual reputation would rest on his enduring ballets. It was this output that made him the first major American-born classical choreographer and a member of the 20th-century ballet pantheon that included Balanchine, Sir Frederick Ashton, Michel Fokine and Antony Tudor.

Source: The New York Times obituary



Productions Date of Productions
The King and I
[Musical, Comedy,Drama, Revival]
  • Original choreography by Jerome Robbins
Apr 16, 2015 - ?
On the Town
[Musical, Comedy, Revival]
  • Based on a concept by Jerome Robbins
Oct 16, 2014 - ?
West Side Story
[Musical, Drama, Revival]
  • Based on a conception of Jerome Robbins
  • Entire Original Production Directed and Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Mar 19, 2009 - Jan 02, 2011
Gypsy
[Musical, Drama, Revival]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Mar 27, 2008 - Jan 11, 2009
Fiddler on the Roof
[Musical, Comedy, Drama, Revival]
  • Choreography by and Original New York Stage Production Directed by Jerome Robbins
Feb 26, 2004 - Jan 08, 2006
Gypsy
[Musical, Drama, Revival]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
May 01, 2003 - May 30, 2004
Peter Pan
[Musical, Comedy, Revival]
  • Originally conceived, directed, and choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Apr 07, 1999 - Aug 29, 1999
Peter Pan
[Musical, Comedy, Revival]
  • Originally conceived, directed, and choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Nov 23, 1998 - Jan 03, 1999
On the Town
[Musical, Comedy, Revival]
  • Based on a concept by Jerome Robbins
  • Original 1944 production was choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Nov 19, 1998 - Jan 17, 1999
The King and I
[Musical, Comedy, Drama, Revival]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Apr 11, 1996 - Feb 22, 1998
Peter Pan
[Musical, Comedy, Revival]
  • Original production conceived, directed, and choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Nov 26, 1991 - Jan 05, 1992
Peter Pan
[Musical, Comedy, Revival]
  • Original production conceived, directed, and choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Dec 13, 1990 - Jan 20, 1991
Fiddler on the Roof
[Musical, Comedy, Drama, Revival]
  • Original production directed & choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Nov 18, 1990 - Jun 16, 1991
Gypsy
[Musical, Drama, Revival]
  • Original production directed by Jerome Robbins
  • Original production choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Nov 16, 1989 - Jul 28, 1991
Jerome Robbins' Broadway
[Musical, Revue, Dance, Original]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
  • "On The Town" and "West Side Story" based on ideas by Jerome Robbins
Feb 26, 1989 - Sep 01, 1990
The King and I
[Musical, Comedy, Drama, Revival]
  • Original choreography by Jerome Robbins
Jan 07, 1985 - Jun 30, 1985
Fiddler on the Roof
[Musical, Comedy, Drama, Revival]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Jul 09, 1981 - Aug 23, 1981
West Side Story
[Musical, Drama, Revival]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
  • Conceived by Jerome Robbins
Feb 14, 1980 - Nov 30, 1980
Peter Pan
[Musical, Comedy, Revival]
  • Original production conceived, choreographed and directed by Jerome Robbins
Sep 06, 1979 - Jan 04, 1981
The King and I
[Musical, Comedy, Drama, Revival]
  • Original choreography by Jerome Robbins
May 02, 1977 - Dec 30, 1978
Fiddler on the Roof
[Musical, Comedy, Drama, Revival]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Dec 28, 1976 - May 21, 1977
Gypsy
[Musical, Drama, Revival]
  • Original New York production directed, choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Sep 23, 1974 - Jan 04, 1975
On the Town
[Musical, Comedy, Revival]
  • Based on an idea by Jerome Robbins
Oct 31, 1971 - Jan 01, 1972
The Office
[Play, Fantasy, Comedy, Original]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
Never Officially Opened - Apr 30, 1966
Fiddler on the Roof
[Musical, Comedy, Drama, Original]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Sep 22, 1964 - Jul 02, 1972
West Side Story
[Musical, Drama, Revival]
  • Original production directed and choreographed by Jerome Robbins
  • Conceived by Jerome Robbins
Apr 08, 1964 - May 03, 1964
Funny Girl
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Production Supervised by Jerome Robbins
Mar 26, 1964 - Jul 01, 1967
Dylan
[Play, Original]
  • The song "New York, New York" from ON THE TOWN used by kind permission of Jerome Robbins
Jan 18, 1964 - Sep 12, 1964
Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mamma's Hung You in the Closet and I'm Feelin' So Sad
[Play, Comedy, Original]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
Aug 27, 1963 - Oct 05, 1963
Mother Courage and Her Children
[Play, Original]
  • Produced by Jerome Robbins
  • Staged by Jerome Robbins
Mar 28, 1963 - May 11, 1963
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum
[Musical, Comedy, Farce, Original]
  • Uncredited staging and choreography by Jerome Robbins
May 08, 1962 - Aug 29, 1964
Jerome Robbins' Ballet: U.S.A.
The Concert
[Special, Ballet, Revival]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Afternoon of a Faun
[Special, Ballet, Revival]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
New York Export: Opus Jazz
[Special, Ballet, Revival]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Moves
[Special, Ballet, Original]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Oct 08, 1961 - Oct 28, 1961
West Side Story
[Musical, Drama, Revival]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
  • From a concept by Jerome Robbins
Apr 27, 1960 - Dec 10, 1960
Gypsy
[Musical, Drama, Original]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
May 21, 1959 - Mar 25, 1961
Jerome Robbins' Ballet: U.S.A.
The Concert
[Special, Ballet, Original]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Afternoon of a Faun
[Special, Ballet, Original]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
3 x 3
[Special, Ballet, Original]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
New York Export: Opus Jazz
[Special, Ballet, Original]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Sep 04, 1958 - Oct 11, 1958
West Side Story
[Musical, Drama, Original]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
  • Conceived by Jerome Robbins
Sep 26, 1957 - Jun 27, 1959
Bells Are Ringing
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Nov 29, 1956 - Mar 07, 1959
Seventh Heaven
[Musical, Original]
  • Uncredited show doctoring by Jerome Robbins
May 26, 1955 - Jul 02, 1955
Ankles Aweigh
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Uncredited show doctoring by Jerome Robbins
Apr 18, 1955 - Sep 17, 1955
Silk Stockings
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Uncredited show doctoring by Jerome Robbins
Feb 24, 1955 - Apr 14, 1956
Peter Pan
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Oct 20, 1954 - Feb 26, 1955
The Pajama Game
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
May 13, 1954 - Nov 24, 1956
Wonderful Town
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Uncredited show doctoring by Jerome Robbins
Feb 25, 1953 - Jul 03, 1954
Two's Company
[Musical, Revue, Original]
  • Dances and Musical Numbers Staged by Jerome Robbins
  • Scenario for "Roundabout" by Jerome Robbins
Dec 15, 1952 - Mar 08, 1953
Wish You Were Here
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Uncredited show doctoring by Jerome Robbins
Jun 25, 1952 - Nov 28, 1953
A Tree Grows in Brooklyn
[Musical, Original]
  • Uncredited show doctoring by Jerome Robbins
Apr 19, 1951 - Dec 08, 1951
The King and I
[Musical, Comedy, Drama, Original]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Mar 29, 1951 - Mar 20, 1954
Call Me Madam
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Dances and Musical Numbers Stage by Jerome Robbins
Oct 12, 1950 - May 03, 1952
Miss Liberty
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Jul 15, 1949 - Apr 08, 1950
Look, Ma, I'm Dancin'!
[Musical, Original]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
  • Conceived by Jerome Robbins
Jan 29, 1948 - Jul 10, 1948
High Button Shoes
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Oct 09, 1947 - Jul 02, 1949
Ballet Theatre
Interplay
[Special, Ballet, Dance, Revival]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Fancy Free
[Special, Ballet, Dance, Original]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Sep 30, 1946 - Nov 09, 1946
Billion Dollar Baby
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Dec 21, 1945 - Jun 29, 1946
Interplay
Interplay
[Special, Ballet, Original]
  • Performer: Jerome Robbins
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Concert Varieties
[Musical, Vaudeville, Original]
  • Performer: Jerome Robbins
Jun 01, 1945 - Jun 28, 1945
Common Ground
[Play, Original]
  • Directed by Jerome Robbins
Apr 25, 1945 - Jun 23, 1945
On the Town
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
  • Based on an idea by Jerome Robbins
Dec 28, 1944 - Feb 02, 1946
The Ballet Theatre
Gizelle
[Special, Ballet, Revival]
  • Performer: Jerome Robbins [Peasant]
Three Virgins and a Devil
[Special, Ballet, Original]
  • Performer: Jerome Robbins [A Youth]
Gala Performance
[Special, Ballet, Original]
  • Performer: Jerome Robbins [Attendant Cavalier]
Feb 11, 1941 - Mar 09, 1941
The Straw Hat Revue
[Musical, Revue, Original]
  • Performer: Jerome Robbins
Sep 29, 1939 - Dec 02, 1939
Stars In Your Eyes
[Musical, Comedy, Original]
  • Performer: Jerome Robbins [Gentleman of the Ballet]
Feb 09, 1939 - May 27, 1939
Great Lady
[Play, Play with music, Original]
  • Performer: Jerome Robbins [Ensemble]
Dec 01, 1938 - Dec 17, 1938
Special Events Date of Special Events
Funny Girl
[Special, Benefit, Concert, Revival]
  • New York Production Supervised by Jerome Robbins
Sep 23, 2002 - Sep 23, 2002
1989 Tony Award® Best Direction of a Musical
winnerJerome Robbins' Broadway [winner]
Directed by Jerome Robbins
1989 Drama Desk Award Special Award
nominee Jerome Robbins [recipient]
1965 Tony Award® Best Choreography
winnerFiddler on the Roof [winner]
Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
1965 Tony Award® Best Direction of a Musical
winnerFiddler on the Roof [winner]
Directed by Jerome Robbins
1963 Tony Award® Best Play
 Mother Courage and Her Children [nominee]
Produced by Jerome Robbins
1963 Tony Award® Best Producer of a Play
 Mother Courage and Her Children [nominee]
Produced by Jerome Robbins
1960 Tony Award® Best Direction of a Musical
 Gypsy [nominee]
Directed by Jerome Robbins
1958 Tony Award® Best Choreography
winnerWest Side Story [winner]
Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
1948 Tony Award® Choreographer
winnerHigh Button Shoes [winner]
Choreographed by Jerome Robbins
Find out where Jerome Robbins and are credited together