( b. Dec 08, 1930 Vienna, AUSTRIA - d. Feb 01, 2014 Innsbruck, AUSTRIA ) Male
Maximilian Schell was the ruggedly handsome Austrian-born actor who won an Academy Award for his role in "Judgment at Nuremberg."
Stanley Kramer's "Judgment at Nuremberg" (1961), a drama recounting the Nazi war-crime trials in Germany, had an all-star cast, including Spencer Tracy, Judy Garland and Montgomery Clift. But Mr. Schell's performance as the eloquent and ultimately furious German defense lawyer was the only one honored by the Academy. The film had begun on TV on "Playhouse 90."
He went on to earn two more Oscar nominations, for the title role in "The Man in the Glass Booth" (1975), a drama inspired by the trial in Israel of the Holocaust criminal Adolf Eichmann, and "Julia" (1977), based on a Lillian Hellman story about the underground in Nazi Germany.
In the late 1960s, Mr. Schell became a director. Two of his films -- "The Pedestrian" (1973), about a German businessman's wartime past, and "Marlene" (1984), a documentary about Marlene Dietrich -- received Oscar nominations. He also went on to direct opera, including "Der Rosenkavalier" for the Los Angeles Opera in 2005.
Mr. Schell acknowledged that his career had perhaps been dominated by Nazi-era subjects and characters, and that he had been typecast. He was also an SS captain in "The Odessa File" (1974); a Nazi officer in two 1977 films, "A Bridge Too Far" and "Cross of Iron"; and a Nazi captain, alongside Marlon Brando, in "The Young Lions" (1958), his American film debut.
He did three plays on Broadway; his debut was Interlock (1958), with Rosemary Harris.
Mr. Schell made his film debut in "Kinder, Mütter; und ein General" ("Children, Mother and a General," 1955) and appeared in several other West German films before leaving in 1958 for the United States, where his sister Maria Schell was already building a Hollywood movie career. Mr. Schell's acting roles did go well beyond World War II and Germany. He played Lenin in "Stalin," a 1992 television film; and the title character in "Peter the Great," a 1986 mini-series. He also appeared in the films "Topkapi" (1964), about a jewel theft in Turkey; "The Freshman," a 1990 Mafia comedy; and "Deep Impact" (1998), a comet-disaster movie.
Source: The New York Times obituary