Composer, Musical Director
( b. Sep 13, 1924 Lyon, FRANCE - d. Mar 28, 2009 Malibu, California, USA ) Male
Maurice Jarre was a composer who mastered the musical idiom of the Hollywood epic and was nominated nine times for Academy Awards, winning three.
Mr. Jarre (pronounced Zhar) won all three of his Academy Awards for films directed by David Lean, whose exotic locales served as fodder for Mr. Jarre's lush musical imagination. Whether evoking the deserts of Arabia for "Lawrence of Arabia" (1962), the Russian steppes for "Dr. Zhivago" (1965) or the Indian subcontinent in "A Passage to India" (1984), Mr. Jarre's vivid scoring for percussion -- he was a percussionist himself -- his use of wide intervals to suggest vast landscapes and his appropriation of musical modes indigenous to the films' settings, made the music a crucial element of the romance and spectacle of the stories.
For decades, Mr. Jarre was among the most sought-after composers in the movie industry. He was a creator of both subtle underscoring and grand, sweeping themes, not only writing for conventional orchestras (sometimes augmented by the more exotic instrumentation of other cultures) but also experimenting with electronic sounds later in his career. He was prolific; he contributed music to more than 150 movies of a wide variety: dramatic and comic, ponderous and light-hearted, artsy and baldly mercenary, high-minded and trashy.
Maurice Alexis Jarre was born in Lyon, France. His early compositions were not for film but for the theater; during the 1950's he was associated with France's Theatre National Populaire. He composed his first film scores for the French director Georges Franju. He made his breakthrough in Hollywood when the producer Sam Spiegel heard his score for the film "Sundays and Cybele," which eventually won an Oscar for best foreign language film, and he hired him to work on "Lawrence of Arabia."
Source: NY Times